Hagadah Shel Pesach
(Based on Zera Shimshon Vol. 1 pg. 352 “hay”. )
This is what has stood by our fathers and us! For not just one alone has risen against us to destroy us, but in every generation they rise against us to destroy us; and the Holy One, blessed be He, saves us from their hand! (Hagadah Shel Pesach)
The opening word “This” is referring to Hashem’s promise to Avraham Avinu at the Bris Bain HaBesorrim (The Covenant Between the Parts) mentioned in the previous paragraph.
At that time Hashem told Abraham that his descendants would be enslaved in a land not their own. Although they will suffer greatly, Hashem promised, they will not be totally wiped out but they will eventually leave.
In this paragraph the Hagadah tells us that in spite of Paroah’s intent to destroy us “this” promise protected us and continues to protect us from all nations that try to destroy us.
Zera Shimshon asks, Avraham was only promised that we would survive Mitzrayim. There was no promise, however, that H. would save us from all of the subsequent exiles. So how does the Hagadah know that “this promise” protects us in every generation?
His first answer is that even though that only Galus Mitzrayim is mentioned explicitly in the Bris Bain HaBesorrim there is also an allusion to the later exiles. Therefore the promise that we will eventually be saved also includes the rest of our exiles.
Zera Shimshon gives another explanation. At Bris Bain HaBesorrim Hashem decreed that our exile in Mitzrayim was to be 400 years. However after 210 years our suffering caused us to fall so deep into tummah that Hashem knew that if we would stay any longer in Mitzrayim we would “self destruct”.
Hashem therefore took us out 190 years early. However these years weren’t erased but rather we were still obligated to make up those 190 years through subsequent exiles.
Therefore, concludes Zera Shimshon, since the subsequent exiles are to complete the exile in Mitzrayim, the promise to protect us from annihilation in Mitzrayim also includes all the subsequent exiles even until today.
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